As was previously said, not all simulators are the same, as all of them aren’t designed for the same purposes. The most important aspect that a client should verify, before deciding to carry out a simulation, is to determine if the simulator is prepared to do the job that is demanded.
The more sophisticated a simulator is, the closer it will be to emulate reality. But that sophistication mustn’t be subjective; on the contrary, it is and must be highly objective, so that the client knows exactly what service he’s being offered.
In the same way, as in other spheres of professional tasks, there are certification rules that guarantee what the simulator “can do” or “can’t do” for the client.
Fundamentally it must assure that the same complies with the rules set out in the “STCW/95″ (*) with respect to the nautical simulation.
(*): (International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers).
The prestigious classification society, most recognized internationally, is the Norwegian Society “DET NORSKE VERITAS” (DNV), which has issued the document: “MARITIME SIMULATOR SYSTEM” Standard for Certification No. 2.14″, in October 2007.
There the classification for ship’s maneuvers simulators is defined in the following big groups:
- – Class A: [“Full Mission”]: Ship’s navigation and maneuvers simulator, apt for reproductions in all types of waters, including the most sophisticated maneuvers in close waters. This means that it simulates all the effects to which a ship sailing in a channel or shallow waters (for example: considering the effects: edge, of banks; squat; etc.) is subject to. The currents are established with different values in the entire scenario, in intensity and direction.
- Class B: [“Multi Task”]: Ship’s navigation and maneuvers simulator, that DOESN’T have the capacity to maneuver in shallow waters.
- Clase C [“Tareas limitadas”]: Limited simulator, that only represents simple situations. It’s useful to teach at maritime / naval schools.
- Class S: [Special Tasks]: Specifically designed to train in special tasks